Pierre-Richard Prosper is an American lawyer, prosecutor and former government official. He served as the second United States Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005.
Prosper is currently an attorney for Arent Fox, having joined the firm on January 1, 2007 after his term in public service, and member of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
Prosper was a Deputy District Attorney for Los Angeles County, California from 1989 to 1994. His last two years in this position were spent in the Hardcore Gang Division of the Bureau of Special Operations where he prosecuted gang-related murders. From 1994 to 1996, he was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Central District of California in Los Angeles. He was assigned to the Narcotics Section, Drug Enforcement Task Force, where he investigated and prosecuted major international drug cartels.
From 1996 to late 1998, Prosper served as a war crimes prosecutor for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Appointed lead trial attorney, Prosper successfully prosecuted the matter of the Prosecutor against Jean-Paul Akayesu, the first-ever case of genocide under the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. In the 14-month trial, he won additional life-sentence convictions for crimes against humanity and broke new ground in international law by convincing the Tribunal to recognize rape committed in time of conflict as an act of genocide and a crime against humanity.
Prosper served as a career prosecutor at the U.S. Department of Justice where he was Special Assistant to the Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division in 1999. From 1999 to 2001, Prosper was detailed to the State Department where he served as the Special Counsel and Policy Adviser to the previous Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues.
Prosper was nominated by President George W. Bush on May 16, 2001 to become the second U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues. After being confirmed by the U.S. Senate, he was sworn in on July 13, 2001. He served until late 2005.
Professor Rosenblum is a professor at Columbia Law School and previously spent seven years with the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School. Before taking a full-time university position, Professor Rosenblum worked with the United Nations and with many of the major international human rights groups, including the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch and Global Rights. Before that, he was an associate at Baker & McKenzie in Chicago.
Rosenblum is a member of the Human Rights Watch Africa Division Advisory Committee, a consultant to The Carter Center, and a board member of several small NGOs. In the course of his career he has conducted field research and worked with local human rights groups in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Much of his recent work has focused on the confluence of natural resources and human rights around the world, with special emphasis on Africa. In the past five years, he has undertaken research and advocacy with his students at Columbia in Chad, Liberia, Peru, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, and Equatorial Guinea, among other countries.
David Scheffer holds an endowed professorship and serves as the Director of the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern Law School. where he teaches International Human Rights Law and International Criminal Law. Scheffer is the U.N. Secretary-General's Special Expert on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials. He was selected by Foreign Policy Magazine as one of the Top Global Thinkers of 2011.
Scheffer was previously the U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues (1997-2001) and led the U.S. delegation in U.N. talks establishing the International Criminal Court. During his ambassadorship, he negotiated and coordinated U.S. support for the establishment and operation of international and hybrid criminal tribunals and U.S. responses to atrocities anywhere in the world. Scheffer also headed the Atrocities Prevention Inter-Agency Working Group. During the first term of the Clinton Administration, he served as senior adviser and counsel to the U.S. Representative to the United Nations, Dr. Madeleine Albright, and served from 1993 through 1996 on the Deputies Committee of the National Security Council. Scheffer has held visiting professorships at Northwestern Law, Georgetown University Law Center, and George Washington University Law School and taught at Duke University School of Law and Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. He has published extensively on international legal and political issues and appears regularly in the national and international media.
Scheffer is a member of the New York and District of Columbia Bars, the American Society of International Law (formerly serving on the Executive Council), the American Bar Association, and the Council on Foreign Relations, and was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the International Law Students Association (2004-2008). His book, All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals (Princeton University Press, 2012) received the 2012 Book of the Year Award from the American National Section of the International Association of Penal Law.
Eric Schwartz became Dean of the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota in October 2011, after a 25 year career in senior public service positions in government, at the United Nations and in the philanthropic and non-governmental communities.
Prior to his arrival in Minnesota, he was U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration, having been nominated by President Obama and confirmed by the U.S. Senate in 2009. Working with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, he served as the Department of State’s principal humanitarian official, managing a $1.85 billion budget, as well as State Department policy and programs for U.S. refugee admissions and U.S. international assistance worldwide.
From 2006 through 2009, Eric Schwartz directed the Connect U.S. Fund, a multi-foundation – NGO collaborative seeking to promote responsible U.S. engagement overseas, and which included the Hewlett Foundation, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the Open Society Institute, the Ford Foundation, the Atlantic Philanthropies and the Mott Foundation.
From August 2005 through January 2007, he served as the UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Deputy Special Envoy for Tsunami Recovery. In that capacity, he worked with the Special Envoy, former President Clinton, to promote an effective recovery effort. Before that appointment, Mr. Schwartz was a lead expert for the congressionally mandated Mitchell-Gingrich Task Force on UN Reform. Prior to that, in 2003 and 2004, he served as the second-ranking official at the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva.
From 2001 through 2003, Mr. Schwartz held fellowships at the Woodrow Wilson Center, the U.S. Institute of Peace and the Council on Foreign Relations. During this period, he also served as a contributor to the Responsibility to Protect Project of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. From 1993 to 2001, Mr. Schwartz served at the National Security Council at the White House, ultimately as Senior Director and Special Assistant to the President for Multilateral and Humanitarian Affairs.
He holds a law degree from New York University School of Law, where he was a recipient of a Root-Tilden-Snow Scholarship for commitment to public service through law; a Master of Public Affairs degree from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs Princeton University; and a Bachelor of Arts degree, with honors, in Political Science from the State University of New York at Binghamton.
Stephen Stedman currently serves as the Director for the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy, and Security, a body of eminent persons tasked with developing recommendations on promoting and protecting the integrity of elections and international electoral assistance. The Commission is a joint project of the Kofi Annan Foundation and International IDEA, an intergovernmental organization that works on international democracy and electoral assistance.
Stedman is also the Freeman Spogli Senior Fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law and FSI, an affiliated faculty member at CISAC, and professor of political science (by courtesy) at Stanford University.
In 2003-2004, Professor Stedman was Research Director of the United Nations High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change and was a principal drafter of the Panel’s report, A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. In 2005, he served as Assistant Secretary-General and Special Advisor to the Secretary- General of the United Nations, with responsibility for working with governments to adopt the Panel’s recommendations for strengthening collective security and for implementing changes within the United Nations Secretariat, including the creation of a Peacebuilding Support Office, a Counter Terrorism Task Force, and a Policy Committee to act as a cabinet to the Secretary-General. His most recent book, with Bruce Jones and Carlos Pascual, is Power and Responsibility: Creating International Order in an Era of Transnational Threats (Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 2009).
Nicole Ball is a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington, DC. She is also a Senior Security & Justice Adviser at the UK Stabilisation Unit and a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations (“Clingendael Institute”) in The Hague. Ball has previously held positions at the Overseas Development Council and the National Security Archive in Washington, DC, the Swedish Institute for International Affairs in Stockholm and the University of Sussex in the UK. She has conducted research and provided policy and programming advice on a broad range of issues relating to security and development, including the economics of security; democratic governance of the security sector; disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; the international development community's role in assisting countries to recover from violent conflict and reform their security sectors. Her current work is focused on strengthening democratic security sector governance and on assessing the impact of funding mechanisms in fragile and conflict-affected states.
Other activities include taking part in a review of the International Security and Stabilization Support Strategy for Eastern DRC for the United Nations and major donors to the ISSS (2010); helping to develop the methodology for and analyze the findings of focus groups on the causes and remedies for insecurity in six cities in DRC for the UK funded Security Sector Accountability and Police Reform program (2010); and supporting the International Network on Conflict and Fragility’s program of work on improving the effectiveness of international support to security and justice reform through several studies, including a country study of security and justice work in Burundi, From Quick Wins to Long-term Profits? Developing better approaches to support security and justice engagements in fragile states: Burundi case study, with Jean Marie Gasana and Willy Nindorera, (2011-12). She is currently part of a team undertaking an evaluation of the European Union’s Africa Peace Facility.
For over two decades, Dr. Taisier Ali has been involved in attempts to end civil wars in Sudan. In 1985, he was assigned by the Sudanese Trade Union Alliance (TUA) to coordinate peace talks with the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). From 1986 until the military coup of 1989 he was seconded from the University of Khartoum to the Sudanese Cabinet as coordinator for the Ministerial Peace Committee.
Following the 1989 military coup in Sudan he was subjected to periods of detention and eventual dismissal from the University by a decree of the Sudanese “Revolution Command Council”. For several years following 1996, he headed the political department of the democratic resistance movement, Sudan Alliance Forces (SAF), which in 2004 merged with the SPLM/A. Subsequently, he helped establish an independent non-governmental institution, the Peacebuilding Centre for the Horn of Africa (PCHA), based in Asmara, Eritrea that engages in capacity building training for grassroots organization from Eastern Sudan, Darfur and Somalia.
Dr. Ali is a visiting professor at the University of Toronto, Canada and has published on the political economy of underdevelopment in Sudan and the processes of domination, resistance, conflict resolution, peacebuilding and crisis of the state in Africa.
Dr.Taisier Ali studied at the Universities of Khartoum and Toronto where he received a doctorate in the Political Economy of Underdevelopment.
Jonathan Hutson, J.D., Director of Communications, is responsible for leading media relations and strategic communications efforts for the Enough Project. In 2010, Jonathan led successful negotiations to launch the Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP), which blends technology, human rights advocacy, and field research to deter full-scale war between Sudan and South Sudan, and to promote greater accountability for mass atrocities committed there by any party. SSP -- the world's first open-source human rights and human security early warning system -- is a first-of-its-kind collaboration between the Enough Project and DigitalGlobe.
Prior to joining Enough, Hutson served as Chief Communications Officer at Physicians for Human Rights in Cambridge, MA. He has held the position of Communications Director at several national NGOs, including Amory Lovins' Rocky Mountain Institute in Snowmass, CO, and Public Justice, a national public interest law firm in Washington, DC. Hutson created and led Dialogues Online: Racial Healing in Your Hometown, a public/private partnership between America Online and the Western Justice Center Foundation. He co-authoredBridging the Racial Divide: Interracial Dialogue in America. He took a Master's in French Language and Literature from Michigan State University and earned his J.D. from New York University School of Law.
Lexi Britton is the special assistant to Enough Project Co-Founder John Prendergast. Prior to joining the Enough Project, Lexi worked as an international arbitration assistant at Hughes, Hubbard and Reed LLP where she conducted in-depth research on internationally focused projects.
In 2011 Lexi was a fellow at the Northwestern University Center for Forced Migration Studies. She also worked as a consultant in Jinja, Uganda to help the Organization for Rural Development create a sustainable community- run microfinance institution.
Lexi graduated Phi Beta Kappa and Magna cum Laude from Northwestern University in 2011, where she majored in political science, international studies, and African Studies. Her interests include conflict resolution, women’s issues, and bacon.
Sarah Zingg Wimmer serves as an Enough Project field researcher based in Goma, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. She has extensive research experience focusing on security and peace issues in the region and has worked as an analyst for various conflict-prevention organizations, including the International Crisis Group in Nairobi and the International Peace Information Service in Belgium. She holds a M.S. in International Relations and Security from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.