For Immediate Release
February 19, 2009
Eileen White Read, 202.741.6376 firstname.lastname@example.org
STRATEGY PAPER: Peace on the Rocks:
Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement
(Read the full strategy paper)
By Adam O’Brien | February 19, 2008
WASHINGTON, DC – The precarious peace between northern and southern Sudan stands at a crucial crossroads. Intended by its architects as the cornerstone of peace in a country fractured by conflict, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA, has been hamstrung by the National Congress Party’s intransigence, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement’s growing pains, and the international community’s neglect. With two years remaining before a referendum on self-determination for the south, confidence in the CPA is diminishing, mistrust between the parties is mounting, and both sides are arming in preparation for a resumption of hostilities. The International Criminal Court’s, or ICC’s, forthcoming arrest warrant against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir will further isolate the NCP and adds an additional layer of uncertainty to the CPA’s fate.
Enough’s latest strategy paper provides an overview of the challenges to CPA implementation, with recommendations for the Obama administration on how to get the deal back on track. “The CPA is not a lost cause,” says report author and Enough field researcher Adam O’Brien. “However, it badly needs focused support from the international community in terms of both incentives and pressure to send a clear and consistent message that full implementation of the agreement is the essential foundation for peace in Sudan.”
“The cost of the CPA’s collapse would be immense,” says Enough’s Executive Director John Norris. “If the United States and its allies do not get the CPA back on track, they could face a new civil war in Sudan and the violent dissolution of Sudan as a state.”
(Read the full strategy paper)
Visit the Enough Project’s blog, Enough Said, for updates on this issue.
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New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof has quite the traveling companion for his latest trip to Darfur – actor George Clooney.
Kristof wrote in his blog this week that he "decided that more people would read it if I put Clooney’s name in the lede." And Clooney has been just one in a chorus of celebrity voices to speak out on the Darfur issue. Don Cheadle (star of the movie “Hotel Rwanda”) wrote a book on Darfur with activist/analyst John Prendergast.
Kristof was one of the original voices to bring attention to Darfur, writing about the region when the violence was at its worst in 2004. Kristof points out in his latest column that the conflict in Darfur has lasted longer than World War II.
Amidst government-driven genocide, experts increasingly fear that the citizens of Sudan will not get the chance to vote in the country's first scheduled democratic election.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement, voluntarily signed by conflicting sides in Sudan in 2005, states that a democratic election must occur in Sudan by July 2009. But Sudan faces logistical and capacity issues, such as where refugees and internally displaced persons will vote, as well as delays in the implementation of CPA laws for free and fair elections.
February 19, 2009 (WASHINGTON) – A US think-tank, the Enough Project of the Center for American Progress, released today recommendations for the new Obama administration for how to make a policy on Sudan, where conflict in Darfur is entering its sixth year and the North-South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) has not been fully implemented.
"The CPA is not a lost cause," says report author and Enough field researcher Adam O’Brien. "However, it badly needs focused support from the international community in terms of both incentives and pressure to send a clear and consistent message that full implementation of the agreement is the essential foundation for peace in Sudan."