Johannesburg, South Africa; and Cairo - With an arrest warrant looming over him for crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur, Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir is on a last-minute bid to win friends and influence people.
In a Sunday visit with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak – one of the strongest voices in the Arab League – Mr. Bashir explained his concerns about what would happen to his country if the International Criminal Court (ICC) follows through on the chief prosecutor’s request for an arrest warrant for Bashir.
NAIROBI, 23 February 2009 (IRIN) - Two years before a referendum on self-determination is held in Southern Sudan, confidence in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) is falling, the Enough Project said in a report.
The agreement, which ended years of conflict, has been hamstrung by the National Congress Party's intransigence, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement's growing pains, and the international community's neglect, states the paper, Peace on the Rocks: Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
Civil war and racial, ethnic, and religious discrimination has been powerfully felt in the Sudan since 1955. De-colonization in the 1950s gave birth to a new power struggle, between the mostly Arab and Muslim North and the mostly black-African and Christian South. It has yet to find a workable and sustainable equilibrium. The Arab and Islamic north is in political and economic control and of the country from the power center of Khartoum, dominating the South and Darfur in the western part of the country.
This past Wednesday, Feb. 18th, Xavier University’s Center for Dialogue hosted a discussion on the current state of Sudan.
While the people of the Darfur region continue to suffer, Sudan's president is under a threat of a different kind: the International Criminal Court appears poised to deliver an arrest warrant accusing him of genocide.
No charges have been made public yet, but the warrant was requested last July by ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, who asked the court's judges to study hundreds of pages of evidence against President Omar al-Bashir. The three judges are expected to act by month's end.